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05 February 2015
There are over 480 different identifiable chemical constituents known to exist in cannabis. The most distinctive and specific class of compounds are the Cannabinoids and over 60 are known only to exist in the Cannabis plant.
Other known constituents of the Cannabis plant are:
CBD (Cannabidiol) - CBD has low psychoactive characteristics associated with it ranging from 0.1–12%. CBD has anti-anxiety, ant-inflammatory, sedative and neuro-protective properties and studies have shown CBD's particular medicinal values include; helping to control certain cancers, helping control pain, stimulating bone growth, stopping the growth of bacteria, suppressing muscle spasms and convulsions, slowing inflammation, assisting with nausea, reducing the risk of artery obstructions, decreasing pressure in the blood vessel walls, reducing blood sugar levels, assisting in controlling epileptic seizures and helping reduce the risk of nerve damage.
CBC (Cannabichromene) – Some research has shown it has valuable medicinal properties with no psychoactive characteristics associated with it. Studies have shown CBC's particular medicinal values include; helping control pain, stopping the growth of fungi, slowing inflammation, stimulating bone growth, encouraging cell growth, stopping growth of bacteria and assisting in contraction of blood cells.
CBG (Cannabigerol) - CBG is not found much in medicinal cannabis but more commonly in higher concentrations of hemp. CBG has no psychoactive characteristics associated with it and studies have shown CBG’s particular medicinal values include stopping the growth of bacteria, stimulating bone growth and encouraging cell growth.
CBN (Cannabinol) - CBN is more or less a by-product of the chemical breakdown of THC. It lacks the strong psychoactive / medicinal qualities of THC and is usually found in degraded bud as there is very little CBN present in fresh cannabis plants. The more CBN the less THC and medical cannabis containing high levels can indicate age or improper handling of medicine. CBN has mildly psychoactive characteristics associated with it. Studies have shown CBN's particular medicinal values include acting as a sleep aid, slowing inflammation, helping with controlling pain, suppressing muscle spasms and convulsions, and helping fight free radicals in the blood stream.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) - THC is the most prevalent cannabinoid, with a wide range of medical benefits, along with the 'high' (euphoric feeling) generated when using cannabis. THC has very high psychoactive characteristics typically ranging from 5–25%. THC binds to cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system and the immune system. Studies have shown THC's particular medicinal values include; helping control pain, helping with relaxation, suppressing pain from nerve damage, helping reduce the risk of nerve damage, helping control anxiety, suppressing muscle spasms and convulsions, helping control certain cancers, helping with nausea, slowing inflammation, helping fight free radicals in the blood stream, encouraging eating / appetite stimulation, stimulating new growth in nerve tissue, relieving chronic eye pressure and pain from glaucoma and other eye disorders.
THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) - THCA is a precursor of THC. THCA is typically the main constituent found in fresh cannabis and will decarboxylate to its active form while drying or when heated. THCA does not have psychoactive effects but can be used as an anti-inflammatory or neuroprotective medication. Studies have shown THCA’s particular medicinal values include; slowing inflammation, helping control cancer cell growth and suppressing muscle spasms and convulsions.
THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) - THCV is an analogue to THC and shares characteristics that help to increase additional benefits of THC in smaller doses. Recent studies have shown THCV in larger doses reduces the medicinal effects of THC. THCV has medium psychoactive characteristics associated with it and studies have shown THCV’s particular medicinal values include; being an effective appetite suppressant and helping to control obesity (Type II Diabetes human testing currently under way).